Deforestation is the purposeful clearing of forested land. Forest is the need of the earth, which we should consider before deforestation. Forest provides many ecosystem services; these include: purifying water supply, regulating air and water quality, providing habitat for plant and animal species. Forest are also the largest carbon sinks in the world currently absorbing around 25% of CO2 emissions on land. Forest plays a key role in reducing of global warming.

However, over half of the world’s forests have been cleared for timber, fuel wood, paper pulp and to develop cropland. Forest clearing, or deforestation is the removing of forest with insufficient legal protection in order to make room for ranching, farms and other development activities.

The greatest cause of deforestation is agriculture. Other causes are logging, firewood collection, urbanization [urban sprawl], and industrialization which accounts for 25% of global deforestation.


Clearing the Forests

Forest clearing is a very large-scale operation. Historically, Forest clearing for agriculture purposes involves the use of fire to clear forests to make farmland out of forested areas. Cleared by fire are less likely to be reforested as they are often too degraded and not able to grow back naturally without human intervention. Forest clearing still occurs, but not at the great scale as before. Forest clearing today is much more controlled and regulated than in the past. Also, Forest that is being cleared for agriculture purposes must be replanted to make up for the Forest loss that was caused by forest clearing.

Pile of wooden logs showing deforestation

Deforestation is a major contributor to climate change and global warming. Deforestation accounts for 17% of greenhouse gas emissions, more than any other source including transportation and landfills combined. Forest removal is also a major contributor to biodiversity loss and species extinction. These forests are home to many endangered species of plants and animals. Forest clearing is responsible for the relocation or extinction of many plant and animal species.


Impacts of Deforestations

Deforestation impacts the climate by reducing the amount of Forest currently absorbing CO2 emissions. Forest removes roughly 25% of the carbon dioxide emitted into our atmosphere every year, through photosynthesis Forest are capable of removing large amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere and storing it in Forest biomass. Forest can store a huge amount of carbon and this is becoming increasingly important as global temperatures continue to rise and atmospheric CO2 levels continue to grow. Forests are absorbed in the atmosphere through a process called photosynthesis, Forest removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere via photosynthesis; this removes CO2 from our earth’s atmosphere. They also stores large amounts of unused carbon in Forest biomass. It reduces global warming by minimizing the number of greenhouse gases (GHS) in the atmosphere.

Forest clearing also releases large amounts of carbon into the atmosphere through burning forest biomass. Carbon is released from Forest biomass through Forest clearing and Forest burning. Forest is an important regulator of the global carbon cycle, which plays a key role in reducing global warming. Forest also absorbs CO2 from the atmosphere by storing it in Forest biomass. Forested areas contain 80% of our planets’ terrestrial ecosystem. Forest removal by deforestation is decreasing the amount of Forest currently absorbing and storing carbon emissions, Forest clearing releases large amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere. Forest is important in reducing global warming and should remain intact to negate global warming.

Plain land between a dense forest showing deforestation


Causes of Deforestation

Deforestation cause deforestation, most Forest is cleared through a Forest clearing. Clearing the forests is the process of removing Forest for agriculture or urban development without planting Forest back on cleared lands. Most Forest clearing occurs in tropical regions, where Forest loss accounts for 90% of global forest cover loss. It is a major contributor to climate change and global warming. Forest removal creates CO2 emissions, Forest carbon storage losses, Forest are responsible for 17% of the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions.

Forest paving over results in a loss of carbon sequestered; the worlds’ grasslands and Forest account for nearly one-third of Natural Forest carbon stocks. Clearing the forests results in Forest carbon emissions. Trees are responsible for 17% of the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions. Deforestation is the removal of Forest for agriculture or urban development. Forest clearing reduces biodiversity Forest remove and relocate many plant and animal species; forest clearing often results in Forest species becoming extinct.

“Sadly, it’s much easier to create a desert than a forest.”
(James Lovelock)


Deforestation is a serious problem that has caused the extinction of many species and contributes to global warming. But, it’s not all bad! Forests provide a natural habitat for wildlife and are also great sources of timber products like wood for building houses or furniture. It can be hard to find where deforestation helps people when there are so many negative effects on our environment. But forests do offer some benefits as well. The key is finding balance to preserve the world we live in while still being able to use resources from trees responsibly. So, what’s your take? Is deforesting good or bad? Let us know below! 

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